Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence in EU Law
Palacký University Olomouc
The European Union is standing at the cross-roads concerning its future development and choosing of the proper form and structure for its effective operation while facing the actual challenges of the changing and the globalised world. Although the fact, that the EU is still remaining a specific (supranational) organisation of international law, however after the entering of the Lisbon Treaty in force „it gets to the gates of federation“ (Udo di Fabio).Recent development after Lisbon Treaty (connected with the necessity for the EU to overcome the numerous crises) unambiguously confirmed that the contemporary concept of supranationality doesn’t provide in all cases a sufficient and a really effective mechanism for withstanding pressure of actual challenges for the Union. Although the fact, that the discussions about the proper ways and prospects of European integration belong in political and legal science to “evergreens“, nevertheless currently these debates have already crossed over the dimension of mere theoretical eventualities and are focused right now on the formulation and choosing of entirely concrete political scenarios and the creation of real platforms for the profound reform of the Union. In this sense the project aims to contribute to the current debate on the future development of the Union by focusing on the scientific analysis of the selected extremely actual issues of the envisaged reform of the EU, concerning the evaluation of their effectiveness, the optimal ways of their implementation and elimination of their eventual negative impacts.
The project especially is focused on the analysis of 5 main thematic topics of the research, think-tank activities, teaching and examination of eventualities, which are connected closely with the envisaged process of the deep reform European Union; namely:
- Deep reform of the institutional structure, the issues of new division of powers and competencies between the EU and Member states
- Enhancing of democratic foundations, including human rights and rule of law
- Creation of the fiscal union and other mechanisms for strengthening of fiscal responsibility of the Member states, enhancing of Eurozone
- Modifications in the field of the external relations law as actual responses on challenges globalisation and the new security situation
- New challenges in the area of Freedom, Security and Justice
The project combines a variety of different activities supporting the excellence in European integration studies. In particular, it comprises the carrying out of the scientific research , think-tank activities, teaching of subjects on European integration, preparation of numerous scientific publications and the commentaries in media. Especially in the framework of the project these outputs were already prepared: preparation of 4 monographs (2 of them published in English in Springer and Wolters Kluwer Deutschland), 26 articles in peer-reviewed journals (some of them are indexed in the Web of Science), edition of the 3 issues of journal „European Studies“, organization of 4 conferences, 1 workshop, 4 round tables and 8 lectures of invited speakers, teaching of 8 subjects on European integration and 19 commentaries in media. For details see below.